San Leopardo’s Cathedral
Open every day 8:00-12:30/ 15:30-19:00
One of the most beautiful roman and gothic architecture’s exemplum of Le Marche region
Climbing on Antica Rocca street, towards the high point of the city, we’ll find the beautiful cathedral of Saint Leopardo and Saint Tecla, who reigns the hill. Realized in white stone, it represents one of the most beautiful roman and gothic architecture’s exemplum of Le Marche region.
The original structure from the 17th and 18th century rises on a primitive church of the 5th century and on the ruins of a pagan temple dedicated to the health’s divinities, Esculapio and Igea. During the years it suffered some alterations without lose the ancient austerity, that it’s reflect nowadays too on the external façade.
We can analyze some animal and human pictures that adorn the big rose window and the fine gates in stone under the portico. We can admire the lunet on the right with Madonna In Trono and Kid and Saints Apostles too. From the yard of the episcopal palace we can access to the solemn inner composed by three naves and surrounded by five chapels. The alters on the wright was realized by Costantini. Between the paintings and the frescos there are artworks of Gian Domenico Lombardi, Francesco Albani, Elmo Cappannari.
An important mention is about the painting of Ecce Homo by Guido Reni in the Sacra Spina’s chapel. We ca find also the Cristo Pantocratore on the apsis painted by the roman painter Virginio Monti.
To admire better the details you have to climb on the stairs that bring to the presbytery. You will find out to walk on a beautiful mosaic pavement of the 18th century with waves that recall the pool of Siloe in Jerusalem.
Before going out don’t forget to go to the crypt of the 17th century by Maestro Filippo that finished it in 1191. Try to find out well the title block with the date on the ceiling! It’s evident how the expert has utilized roman and byzantine recyclable materials, overall if you look the 16 capitals of the coloumns, all different from one to each other, for decoration and material. The “paliotto” of the major altar with the sarcophagus of SS martyrs represents the Adoration of Magi and the biblical scene of Jona who goes out from the mouth’s whale in the superior part, while in the bottom it reports a pagan hinter’s scene: an important cultural syncretism.